Introduction Acids are substances that donate hydrogen ions and bases are substances that accept hydrogen ions. Acids and bases react with each other by transferring hydrogen ions. One way to distinguish an acid is by its equivalent mass, which is the number of grams of the acid needed to transfer one mole . . .
Mr. John Longo
Introduction A chemical reaction usually starts with reactants which react to yield products. Many times the reactants are completely used up to make products. However, the reactants sometimes do not completely turn into products. There is an equilibrium between the concentration of reactants and products. . . .
Introduction The kinetics of a chemical equation is determined by its rate. The rate is the speed at which the reactants form into products. The rate is dependent on the concentrations and the orders of the reactants. One way to find the order is by first measuring the concentration of the products as time . . .
Introduction The ideal gas law is used to define how gasses typically act. It is not precise, as gasses do not usually act ideally, but it works for most laboratory conditions. The ideal gas law is defined by PV = nRT (pressure in atm * volume in L = moles * constant * temperature in K). There is also a . . .
Introduction Titrations are often performed with acid and base solutions in order to determine their molarity. Once the enough acid is titrated into the base solution, the mixture will become colorless, indicating the mixture has become neutral. Depending on the chemical reaction at hand, there may be a . . .